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Protein Domain : IPR000909

Name  Phospholipase C, phosphatidylinositol-specific , X domain Short Name  PLipase_C_PInositol-sp_X_dom
Type  Domain Description  Phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C, a eukaryotic intracellular enzyme, plays an important role in signal transduction processes []. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1-phosphatidyl-D-myo-inositol-3,4,5-triphosphate into the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol and inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate. This catalytic process is tightly regulated by reversible phosphorylation and binding of regulatory proteins [, , ]. In mammals, there are at least 6 different isoforms of PI-PLC, they differ in their domain structure, their regulation, and their tissue distribution. Lower eukaryotes also possess multiple isoforms of PI-PLC. All eukaryotic PI-PLCs contain two regions of homology, sometimes referred to as the 'X-box' and 'Y-box'. The order of these two regions is always the same (NH2-X-Y-COOH), but the spacing is variable. In most isoforms, the distancebetween these two regions is only 50-100 residues but in the gamma isoforms one PH domain, two SH2 domains, and one SH3 domain are inserted between the two PLC-specific domains. The two conserved regions have been shown to be important for the catalytic activity. By profile analysis, we could show that sequences with significant similarity to the X-box domain occur also in prokaryotic and trypanosome PI-specific phospholipases C. Apart from this region, the prokaryotic enzymes show no similarity to their eukaryotic counterparts.

Publication Counts Displayer

0 Child Features

0 Contains

3 Cross References

Identifier
Source . Name

Subject . Primary Identifier
PF00388 PFAM IPR000909
PS50007 PROFILE IPR000909
SM00148 SMART IPR000909

2 Data Sets

Name URL
TrEMBL data set http://www.ebi.ac.uk/trembl/
InterPro data set  

4 Found In

DB identifier Name Short Name Type
IPR001192 Phosphoinositide phospholipase C family PI-PLC_fam Family
IPR017946 PLC-like phosphodiesterase, TIM beta/alpha-barrel domain PLC-like_Pdiesterase_TIM-brl Domain
IPR016279 Phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma PLC-gamma Family
IPR016280 Phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase beta PLC-beta Family

0 GO Annotation

0 Ontology Annotations

0 Parent Features

113 Proteins

DB identifier Primary Accession
Organism . Name
FBpp0074813 Q9VVV4 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0082033 Q9VGB2 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0080873 Q9VIP3 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0070619 P13217 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0079878 Q9VKC3 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0077226 Q9VQU3 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0077227 Q8IQ03 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0074009 Q9VXH3 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0074811 Q86BJ0 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0074809 Q9VVV5 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0074810 Q9VVV6 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0074812 Q86BI9 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0089226 P25455 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0304897 M9PI96 Drosophila melanogaster
FBpp0274154 B5DNH4 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0272951 Q29J49 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0279973 Q29MF0 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0280181 Q29N33 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0284535 Q295R1 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0285151 Q29NJ8 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0286130 Q29DJ4 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0286132 Q29DJ5 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0287864 Q29KK9 Drosophila pseudoobscura
FBpp0161723 B4KEV7 Drosophila mojavensis
FBpp0160822 B4L1B0 Drosophila mojavensis
FBpp0161033 B4KZ90 Drosophila mojavensis
FBpp0163139 B4KX50 Drosophila mojavensis
FBpp0163674 B4L8R0 Drosophila mojavensis
FBpp0163683 B4KJ25 Drosophila mojavensis
FBpp0165628 B4L6Q9 Drosophila mojavensis